To study the factors that predict healthcare behaviors of pregnant migrant laborers and apply Pender’s concept of health promotion.
The samples were pregnant migrant laborers receiving antenatal care from healthcare services in Sa Kaeo Province. A multi-stages random sampling method was used to recruit 180 samples. The data were collected through interviews between 2016 and 2017. The research instruments were interviewed questionnaires, Cronbach’s alpha coefficients at 0.71 to 0.85. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and multiple regression.
The samples had mean scores for healthcare behavior at a medium level (3.31 ± 0.22). The factors that predicted healthcare behavior were cultural beliefs regarding pregnancy (β = -0.264, p < 0.01), perceived benefits of healthcare behaviors (β = 0.179, p < 0.05)), and access to health services (β = 0.256, p < 0.05) and a significantly predicted combination of healthcare behaviors of pregnant migrants, explaining 33.1% of the variance (F = 6.077, p <0.01).
This research suggests that health promotion activities aimed at pregnant migrant laborers should be aligned with cultural beliefs, raise awareness of the benefit of healthcare behaviors of pregnant women, provide easily accessible health services and, promote good healthcare behaviour in pregnancy.
Gmigrant laborers, healthcare behaviors, predicting factors, cultural beliefs
Received: August 27, 2019
Revision received: November 26, 2019
Accepted after revision: December 06, 2020 BKK Med J 2020;16(1): 39-43.