This quasi-experimental research design was aimed to determine effectsof pressure sore (PS) prevention program on knowledge and self-efficacy of familycaregivers in decreasing PS risk of persons with cerebrovascular disease (CVD).
Study participants were family caregivers of personswith CVD and these were randomly selected and placed into two groups: an experimentalgroup with 27 participants receiving the PS prevention program for 8 weeks and acontrol group with 26 participants receiving routine nursing care at home. Data werecollected using demographics questionnaire, CVD knowledge, self-efficacy of PSprevention, and Braden scale for PU risk assessment. Data were analyzed using descriptivestatistics, Chi-square test, paired t-test, Wilcoxon signed ranks test, ANCOVA and MannWhitney U test.
RESULTS: After participating in the program, family caregivers in the experimentalgroup had a significantly mean score of CVD knowledge and self-efficacy of PS programhigher than before receiving the program (p < 0.001) and the control group (p < 0.001,p < 0.05, respectively). Participants in the experimental group had a significantly meanscore of PS risk higher than before receiving the program (p < 0.001). However, therewas no significant difference between the groups.
The PS prevention program should be applied to family caregiversin order to reduce PS risk of persons with CVD
knowledge, self-efficacy, pressure sore (PS), cerebrovascular disease (CVD),family caregivers, bedsore, bedridden
Received: June 25, 2018
Revision received: July 30, 2018
Accepted after revision: November 23, 2018
BKK Med J 2019;15(1): 51-56.