Received: October 17, 2017 Revision received: October 20, 2017 Accepted after revision: January 3, 2018
BKK Med J 2018;14(1):23-28.
This experimental research design randomized two groups’ pre- and post- test, aimed at examining the effects of arm swing exercise program on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and nutritional status in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Participants from Sub-district Health Promoting Hospital were randomly divided into two groups: an experimental group with 22 participants receiving arm swing exercise program for 12 weeks and a control group with 21 participants receiving routine nursing care. Data collection was done before and after the intervention using a demographic and a perceived self-efficacy in exercise questionnaire, HbA1c, waist circumference and body mass index (BMI). The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Paired t-test and Independent t-test.
The findings showed that after the arm swing exercise program, the experimental group had significantly lower average of HbA1c, waist circumference and BMI compared with before the program (p = 0.010, p = 0.000, p = 0.003, respectively). The experimental group also had lower average of HbA1c compared with the control group (p = 0.013), but waist circumference and BMI were not significant.
The arm swing exercise program should be applied to adults with T2DM to control diabetes and its complications.
arm swing exercise program, HbA1c, waist circumference, body mass index, adults with type 2 diabetes
Associate Professor Dr. Sangthong Terathongkum,Ramathibodi School of Nursing,Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital,