Electronic ISSN 2287-0237



  1. The Joint United Nations Programme on IV/AIDS (UNAIDS).Global HIV & AIDS statistics-2018 fact sheet. (Access August22, 2018, at http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/fact-sheet).
  2. UNAIDS. Country factsheets Thailand 2017 HIV and AIDSestimates. (Accessed August 22, 2018, at from http://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/thailand).
  3. Foster ML, Arnold E, Rebchook G et al. ‘It’s my innerstrength’: spirituality, religion and HIV in the lives of youngAfrican American men who have sex with men. Cult HealthSex 2011;13(9):1103-17.
  4. Chaiyasit Y, Chanbunwat K, Soboon S et al. Spiritual distresshealing for people living with HIV/AIDS: The Nursing roles.JNHC 2017;35(5):31-8.
  5. Khatoon F. Identify spiritual coping strategies in personsliving with HIV/AIDS. IJHW 2016;7(10);1004-7.
  6. Rivero-Mendez M, Portillo C, Solis-Baez S et al. Symptomsand Quality of Life for People Living with HIV Infection inPuerto Rico. P R Health Sci J 2009; 28(1):54-9.
  7. Mbetbo JN. Internalized conflicts in the practice of religionamong Kwandengue Living with HIV in Douala, Cameroun.Cult Health Sex 2013;15(S1):S76-S87.
  8. Siegel K, Schrimshaw EW. The perceived benefits of religiousand spiritual coping among older adults living with HIV/AIDS. JSSR 2002;41(1):91-102.
  9. Balthip Q, Petchruschatachart U, Piriyakoontorn S. et al.Achieving peace and hormony in life: Thai Buddhists livingwith HIV/AIDS. IJNP 2013;19(suppl. 2):7-14.
  10. Balthip Q, Purnell MJ. Pursuing meaning and purpose in lifeamong Thai adolescents living with HIV: a grounded theorystudy. JANAC 2014;25(4):27-38.
  11. Balthip K, McSherry W, Nilmanat K. Spirituality and dignityof Thai adolescent living with HIV. Religious 2017;8:257.
  12. Ironson G, Stuetzle R, Fletcher MA. An increase in religiousness/spirituality occurs after HIV diagnosis and predicts slowerdisease progression over 4 years in peoples with HIV. JGIM2006;21(5):S62-S68.
  13. Ironson G, Kremer H, Lucette A. Relationship betweenspiritual coping and survival in patients with HIV. J GenIntern Med 2016;31(9):1068-76.
  14. Black DS, Slavice GM. Mindfulness meditation and the immunesystem: a systematicreview of randomized controlledtrials. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2016; 1373(1): 13-24.
  15. Dalmida SG, Holstad MM, Dilorio C et al. Spiritualwell-being and health-related quality of life among African-American woman with HIV/AIDS. Appl Res Qual Life 2011;62(2):139-57.
  16. Cruz DSM da, Cordeiro RS, Marques DKA et al. Experienceof patients with HIV/AIDS and the influence of religiosity/spirituality when coping the disease. J Nurs UFPE On Line.,Recife 2017;11(Suppl. 10):4089-95.
  17. Tunsrirattanawong A. Spiritual healing in Buddhist personwith HIV infection. Bangkok: Mahidol University. 1998.
  18. Noimontree W. Spirituality and spiritual needs based onasymptomatic HIV experiences. Bangkok: ChulalongkornUniversity. 2004.
  19. Magsrithonkam B. Meta-ethnography synthesis: Techniqueof meta synthesis. Journal of Nursing Division 2009;36(2):77-85.
  20. Britten N, Campbell R, Pope C et al. Using meta ethnographyto synthesis qualitative research: a worked example. J HealthServ Res Policy 2002;7(4):201-15.
  21. Atkins S, Lewin S, Smith H. Conducting a meta-ethnographyof qualitative literature : Lessons learnt. BMC Med ResMethodol 2008; 8 (21); doi:10.1186/1471-2288-8-21
  22. Da. Silva FQB, Cruz SSJO, Gouveia TB. Using metaethnographyto synthesize research: A worked example of therelations between personality on software team processes.ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Empirical SoftwareEngineering and Measurement 2013; 153-162. doi:10.1109/ESEM.2013.11
  23. Wikberg A, Bondas T. A patient perspective in research onintercultural caring in maternity care: A meta-ethnography.Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being 2010; 5: 4648. doi: 10.3402/qhw.v5i1.4648.
  24. Toye F, Seers K, Allcock N et al. Meta-ethnography 25 yearson: challenges and insights for synthesizing a large numberof qualitative studies. BMC Med Educ 2015; 15: 214 http://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/ doi:10.1186/s12909-015-0491-2
  25. Tong A, Sainsbury P, Craig J. Consolidated criteria for reportingqualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist forinterviews and focus groups. Int J Qual Health Care2007;19:349-57.
  26. Seegers DL. Spiritual and religious experiences of gay menwith HIV illness. JANAC 2007; 18(3):5-12.
  27. Tawaisab R. Spiritual well-being among persons with HIV/AIDS. Chiang Mai: Chiang Mai University. 2011.
  28. Caixeta CR, Nascimento LC, Pedro IC et al. Spiritual supportfor people living with HIV/AIDS: a Brazilian explorative,descriptive study. Nurs Health Sci 2012;14(4):514-9.
  29. Dalmida SG, Holstad MM, Dilorio C el al. The meaning anduse of Spirituality among African American woman livingwith HIV/AIDS. West J Nurs Res 2012;34(6):736-65.
  30. Arrey AE, Bilsen J, Lacor P et al. Spirituality/religiosity: acultural and psychological resource among Sub-SaharanAfrican migrant women with HIV/AIDS in Belgium. PLoSOne 2016;11(7):e0159488. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159488.
  31. Emlet CA, Harris L, Pierpaoli CM et al. “The journey I havebeen through”: the role of religion and spirituality in agingwell among HIV-positive older adults. Res Aging 2017;40(3):257-280.
  32. O’Brien ME. Spirituality in nursing: Standing on holy ground.Sudbury: Mass.; Jones & Bartlett Learning. 2011.
  33. Simoni JM, Martone MG, Kerwin JF. Spirituality and psychologicaladaptation among women with HIV/AIDS: Implicationsfor counseling. JCP 2002;49(2):139-47.
  34. Fisher J. The four domains model: Connecting spirituality,health and well-being. Religious 2011;2:17-28.
  35. Carolyn CM, Wagner LJ, Wallston KA. Finding meaning inlife while living with HIV: validation of a novel HIV meaningfulnessscale among HIV-infected participants living inTennessee. BMC Psychology 2015;3(15):1-8.
  36. Highfield M, Cason C. Spiritual needs of patients: are theyrecognised?. Cancer Nursing 1983; 6(3): 187-92.
  37. Carson VB. Spiritual Dimensions of Nursing Practice.Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. Company. 1989.
  38. Hungelmann J, Kenkel-Rossi E, Klassen L, et al. Developmentof the JAREL spiritual well-being scale. In Carrol-JohnsonRM, editor. Classification of Nursing Diagnosis : proceedingsof eight conference, North American Diagnosis Association.Philadelphia : JB Lippincott. 1989: 393-8.