Syncope is a relatively common condition in children and adolescents. Most children with syncope do not have serious diseases and their prognosis is generally benign. However, in certain patients, syncope may be the first presentation of a serious cardiac pathology. Therefore, the understanding of its pathophysiology, causes and investigative work ups are important for general pediatricians dealing with this entity.
syncope, fainting, neurally mediated syncope, cardiac syncope, children