Electronic ISSN 2287-0237

VOLUME

EFFECTS OF ARM SWING EXERCISE PROGRAM ON BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL, NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND PERCEIVED SELF-EFFICACY FOR EXERCISE IN PERSONS WITH UNCONTROLLED TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS

SEPTEMBER 2018 - VOL.14 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE
OBJECTIVE:

This experimental research design was aimed at determining the effects of an Arm Swing Exercise (ASE) Program on blood sugar levels (HbA1c), nutritional status and perceived self-efficacy for exercise in persons with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

MATERIALS AND MEDTHODS:

Fifty-eight participants who met the research criteria were randomly selected into two groups: an experimental group receiving the ASE Program and a control group receiving routine nursing care. Data from demographic characteristics, perceived self-efficacy for exercise, HbA1c and nutritional status were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANCOVA.

RESULTS:

The experimental group had significantly lower HbA1c, higher skeletal muscle and perceived self-efficacy for exercise compared to before the Program (p < 0.01; p < 0.05; p < 0.001, respectively); and significantly decreased waist circumference and increase perceived self-efficacy for exercise compared to the control group (p < 0.01; p < 0.001, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

The ASE program is effective and efficient in controlling HbA1c and improving nutritional status.

Keywords:

arm swing exercise program, blood sugar level, nutritional status, perceived self-efficacy for exercise, persons with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus

Address Correspondence to author:

Associate Professor Sangthong Terathongkum, RN, Ph.D (Nursing), ACNP Ramathibodi School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

email: sangthong.ter@mahidol.ac.th

Received: June 5, 2018

Revision received: June 7, 2018

Accepted after revision: July 11, 2018

BKK Med J 2018;14(2): 34-39.

DOI: 10.31524/bkkmedj.2018.09.007

MEDIA
Figure 1: Conceptual framework on the effects of the ASE program on blood sugar level, nutritional status and perceived self-efficacy for exercise in persons with uncontrolled T2DM.
Table 1: Comparison of average HbA1c, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, visceral fat, skeletal muscle and perceived self-efficacy for exercise of the experimental group and the control group before receiving the Arm Swing Exercise Program using
Table 2: Comparison of average HbA1c, BMI, waist circumference, visceral fat, skeletal muscle, and perceived self-efficacy for exercise after receiving the Arm Swing Exercise Program in the experimental group by using Paired t-test (n = 29)
Table 3: Comparison of average HbA1c, BMI, waist circumference, visceral fat, skeletal muscle and perceived self-efficacy for exercise after receiving the Arm Swing Exercise Program between control group and experimental group by using ANCOVA (n = 58)
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