This quasi-experimental research was conducted to assess the effect of lifestyle modification program with arm swing exercise on health behavior, nutritional status and capillary blood sugar of pre-diabetes in the community.
The participants selected according to the inclusion criteria, were 28 pre-diabetes participants who received lifestyle modification programs with arm swing exercise for 8 weeks. Data were collected twice, before and immediately after the intervention, using the health behavior questionnaire (HBQ), nutritional status, including waist circumference, and body mass index, and capillary blood sugar. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired t-tests.
After receiving the lifestyle modification program with arm swing exercise, the participants showed significant improvement of health behavior specially food consumption and stress management aspect as compared to before the program (p < 0.05), but waist circumference, body mass index, and capillary blood sugar were not significantly different.
The lifestyle modification program with arm swing exercise helps in developing better health behaviors and nutritional status. Therefore, this program should be applied to persons with pre-diabetes to prevent diabetes and there should be follow-up at least one year later.
lifestyle modification program with arm swing exercise, health behavior, nutritional status