To evaluate pulmonary hypertension (PH) in asymptomatic thalassemic patients using echocardiographic right ventricular (RV) parameters.
This is a cross-sectional study. We assessed 32 ambulatory asymptomatic thalassemia cases both clinically and using echocardiographic parameters. PH was observed in 13 (40%) patients.
Unpaired two tail t-test between groups show significant difference in RV echocardiographic parameter S’ (p = 0.03), E’ (p = 0.016) and Tricuspid valve (TV) E/E’ (p = 0.04). Other RV echocardiographic parameters such as the right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), A’, and Tei index are insignificant.
PH was found in 40% of asymptomatic thalassemic patients. Of all echocardiographic RV parameters, we found that the tissue doppler imaging (TDI): S’, E’ and TV E/E’ are the best tools for screening. This tool detects early RV dysfunction in asymptomatic thalassemias with PH.
right ventricular function, thalassemia, pulmonary hypertension, PH