To study the efficacy of L5-S1 retrodiscal technique compared to S1 transforaminal technique in L5-S1 spinal stenosis with S1 radicular pain management.
A randomized, double-blinded controlled trial was conducted in 40 patients undergoing single-level lumbar epidural steroid injection under C-Arm fluoroscope. The tip of needle in retrodiscal group (R-group) was posterior to L5-S1 disc and the tip of needle in S1 transforaminal group (S-group) was in S1 foramen. All participants were followed up in 2 week, 2 and 3 months.
Twenty adults were enrolled and assigned in two groups equally. There was no difference in demographic data. S-group had lower average VAS than R-group in 2 and 3-month follow-up. Also, number of patients, who had at least 50% VAS reduction, was higher in S group in every follow-up. A comparison of the efficacy was defined by reducing 50 points of VAS (visual analog scale). p < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
S1 transforaminal technique provided an advantage over L5-S1 retrodiscal technique in reducing S1 radicular pain. (Clinicaltrials.in.th. number, TCTR 20150127001)